文章摘要
超临界二氧化碳向心涡轮泄漏特性计算与分析
Calculation and Analysis of Leakage Characteristics of a Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Radial-Inflow Turbine
投稿时间:2019-11-10  修订日期:2019-12-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 超临界二氧化碳  向心涡轮  轮背泄漏流  迷宫密封  数值模拟
英文关键词: supercritical carbon dioxide  radial-inflow turbine  impeller backface flow  labyrinth seal  numerical simulation
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目
作者单位E-mail
赵峰 大连理工大学能源与动力学院 1461224532@qq.com 
吕国川 大连理工大学能源与动力学院  
杨金广 大连理工大学能源与动力学院 jinguang_yang@dlut.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      本文针对超临界二氧化碳(SCO2)向心涡轮轮背泄漏流,采用典型的迷宫密封,对设计参数进行参数化研究与流场分析,并计算轴向力。文中首先建立迷宫密封泄漏流动CFD模型,运用NUMECA软件对迷宫密封的可靠性进行验证,进而从气动参数和结构参数两方面对SCO2向心涡轮轮背泄漏特性进行研究。结果表明,涡轮泄漏量和轴向力随密封出口压力的升高而减小,在一定间隙范围内线性增大,当密封齿高较小时,泄漏量和轴向力随齿高的增加而减小,当密封齿高超过6.3mm时,泄漏量和轴向力不再随之变化;在密封轴向长度给定的情况下,齿数为6时能实现最佳的密封效果,通过改变密封齿的形状,得到一种密封性较好的等腰梯形齿。
英文摘要:
      This paper uses a typical labyrinth seal for the leakage flow of the impeller backface cavity of a supercritical carbon dioxide (SCO2) radial-inflow turbine. It is subjected to parametric research and flow field analysis, and the axial force is calculated. Firstly, the CFD model of labyrinth seal leakage flow is established, and the reliability of labyrinth seal is verified by NUMECA software. Then the impeller backface leakage characteristics of the SCO2 radial-inflow turbine are studied from two aspects, namely aerodynamic parameters and structural parameters. The results indicate that the leakage mass flow and the axial force of the turbine decrease with increasing seal outlet pressure, and increase linearly over a range of clearances. When the height of the seal tooth is small, the leakage mass flow and the axial force decrease with increase in the height. When the tooth height exceeds a certain value (6.3mm for the studied case), the leakage mass flow and the axial force no longer change. In the case where the axial length of the seal is given, an optimum sealing effect can be achieved with a number of teeth of 6. By changing the shape of seal teeth, an isosceles trapezoidal tooth is obtained which has a better sealing performance.
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