文章摘要
陈磊,王树刚,张腾飞,贾子光,房天宇.大温差条件下多孔材料干燥过程数值模拟[J].,2018,58(3):221-228
大温差条件下多孔材料干燥过程数值模拟
Simulation on drying process of porous material under large temperature difference
  
DOI:10.7511/dllgxb201803001
中文关键词: 多孔介质  自然对流  孔隙率  有效扩散系数
英文关键词: porous media  nature convection  porosity  effective diffusion coefficient
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年基金资助项目(51608094).
作者单位
陈磊,王树刚,张腾飞,贾子光,房天宇  
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中文摘要:
      基于热力学平衡假设并结合动态边界条件,对大温差下多孔保温材料中的水分迁移及三态相变过程进行数值模拟,并以海绵干燥过程为例给出了实验验证.在数学模型中考虑了由于温差引起的自然对流效应,分析了不同时刻海绵内部的温度、水蒸气浓度、液态水及冰体积分数的分布规律,讨论了材料主要物性参数对水分传递过程的影响.结果表明:数学模型能够实现对大温差下多孔介质中水分传递过程的准确预测;由物性参数分析的结果可知,相比于影响多孔保温材料水分传递的有效扩散系数和孔隙率两个关键物性参数而言,有效导热系数影响相对微弱.
英文摘要:
      Based on the assumption of thermodynamic equilibrium and combined with dynamic boundary conditions, a mathematical model is developed to simulate moisture migration and three state phase transition process in porous insulation material under large temperature difference, and it is verified by the sponge drying experiment. In the modeling, the effect of natural convection caused by temperature difference is considered. The analysis is conducted on the distribution characteristics of temperature, water vapor concentration, the volume fraction of liquid water and ice in the sponge with evolution of time. The influence of physical parameters on the moisture transfer process is discussed. Finally, it is concluded that the model could accurately predict the process of moisture transfer in porous media under large temperature difference, and from the analysis of physical parameters, the porosity and effective diffusion coefficient are the key factors to affect the moisture transfer in porous insulation material, and the effective thermal conductivity has a lesser impact.
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