文章摘要
不同海浪谱激励下的液体晃荡试验研究
Experimental study of liquid sloshing in a rectangular tank excited by sea-wave spectrum
投稿时间:2017-11-27  修订日期:2017-12-26
DOI:
中文关键词: 宽频带Bretschneider谱  窄频带JONSWAP谱  液体晃荡  矩形液舱  试验研究
英文关键词: broad band Bretschneider spectrum  narrow band JONSWAP spectrum  liquid sloshing  rectangular tank  experimental study
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
薛米安 海岸灾害及防护教育部重点实验室河海大学 mi-anxue@163.com 
陈奕超 河海大学港口海岸与近海工程学院  
苑晓丽 河海大学理学院  
邢建建 河海大学港口海岸与近海工程学院  
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中文摘要:
      实验研究了矩形液舱,在宽频带Bretschneider谱与窄频带JONSWAP谱分别激励下的随机晃荡自由液面波特性及其对液舱内壁的冲击压力分布规律,并讨论了两种海浪谱作用下,自由液面高程最大值及动态冲击压力最大值随谱峰周期和有效波高的变化关系。研究发现相同有效波高、谱峰周期条件下,Bretschneider谱激励下的液体晃荡比JONSWAP谱激励下的液体晃荡更为剧烈;两种海浪谱作用下的自由液面波形状主要受液舱最低固有频率的调制,晃荡波能量主要集中在液舱最低固有频率上,且液舱内各测点处的最大动压值从液舱底部到自由液面处依次增加。
英文摘要:
      The free surface wave and its impact dynamic impact pressure on the tank wall of liquid sloshing in a rectangular tank excited respectively by broad band Bretschneider spectrum and narrow band JONSWAP spectrum were studied experimentally on a shaker tank. The relations between the maximum free surface elevation and dynamic pressure of liquid sloshing in a rectangular tank and significant wave height and peak period of sea wave spectrum were discussed in detail. Sloshing in a rectangular tank excited by Bretschneider spectrum is found to be more violent than that excited by JONSWAP spectrum under the same condition of significant wave height and peak period. The frequency domain analysis of free surface elevation shown that free surface profiles are mainly modulated by the lowest natural frequency of liquid-tank. Meanwhile, sloshing wave energy is also mainly distributed around the lowest natural frequency. The maximum dynamic pressure is found to be increased with increasing measuring height of pressure sensor from bottom of tank to free surface.
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