文章摘要
一种带禁忌表的并行粒子群优化算法及在分馏塔操作优化中的应用
A parallel particle swarm optimization algorithm with tabu table and its application in operation optimization of fractionator
投稿时间:2018-09-24  修订日期:2018-09-30
DOI:
中文关键词: 禁忌表  昂贵优化  并行PSO  分馏塔  操作优化
英文关键词: Tabu table  Expensive optimization  Parallel PSO  Fractionation system  Operation optimization
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重大项目课题(61590921);国家自然科学基金青年项目(61703440)。
作者单位E-mail
王雅琳 中南大学信息科学与工程学院 ylwang@csu.edu.cn 
孙家舟 中南大学信息科学与工程学院 1484279285@qq.com 
薛永飞 中南大学信息科学与工程学院  
尚丹丹 中南大学信息科学与工程学院  
袁小锋 中南大学信息科学与工程学院  
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中文摘要:
      多元分馏塔操作优化需要反复求解其机理模型中的高维耦合非线性方程组,计算十分耗时。针对此昂贵优化问题,提出了一种带禁忌表的并行粒子群优化(Parallel Particle Swarm Optimization, PPSO)算法。以过程机理知识初始化操作参数的禁忌表,再根据已测试候选参数的优化性能动态更新该禁忌表,实现对每次迭代产生的候选解初选,减少禁忌解的计算;接着,以MapReduce的任务分发思想构建算法的并行处理框架,设计任务预分配策略减少通信成本,提高计算效率;最后在子系统中通过对无法求解粒子与不合格粒子的剔除,筛选出原约束优化问题的等价解,进一步减小计算开销。在以实际分馏塔为原型建立的机理模型上验证了所提方法的有效性,结果表明能够更快地找到分馏系统操作参数的最优设定值。
英文摘要:
      The operation optimization for a fractionator in multicomponent system requires solving the mechanism model repeatedly, which contains a large number of high dimensional nonlinear equations. this is very time consuming. To overcome the problem, an intelligent optimization algorithm with tabu table is proposed. Firstly, a tabu table of the operating parameters is initialized according to the mechanism knowledge of fractionation, and then it is updated according to the performance of the tested candidate parameters. For every iteration, the tabu table is used to pass the solutions in the tabu table. To further improve the computational efficiency and reduce the communication cost, the parallel processing framework and the task pre-allocation strategy are adopted in the proposed algorithm, whose idea is similar to MapReduce. Finally, in the subsystem, the original constrained optimization problem is solved by rejecting the particle that cannot be solved or does not meet the production demand. The effectiveness of the proposed method is validated by an actual operation optimization problem, which can provide a set of operating parameters for a fractionation system quickly.
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